The Factories Ordinance applies to any establishment engaged in:
- A manufacturing process
- Charitable or reformatory work
- Technical or vocational training, where any manual labour is exercised such as making, altering, and repairing, ornamenting, finishing, washing, cleaning , or adapting for sale.
- Even if these premises do not constitute a factory, the provisions of the Factories Ordinance will apply.
The Shop and Office Employees Act is applicable to all employees working in a shop or an office.
The Wages Board Ordinance will apply to all trades listed under the Ordinance and under the Wages Board Ordinance
- A normal working week cannot exceed 48 hours
- All work over and beyond that period is considered overtime.
- A maximum of 12 hours of overtime per week is permitted.
- According to Section 24 (d) the payment for work on holidays should not be less than the overtime rate
- If no overtime rate has been determined, then payment must be calculated at one-and-a quarter times the rate normally applicable to such work
- A holiday must be given with or without remuneration on a day within a specified number of days
Annual Leave and HolidaysAn employee is entitled to take annual leave when the next calendar year starts. The duration of that first annual leave period is determined according to the date/month on which the employment commenced. From the second year onward, an employee is entitled to 14 days of paid annual leave, after completion of 12 months of continuous service. For the first year, an employee would have following annual leave, depending upon the time of commencement of his employment:
- 14 days if the employment commences on or after the first day of January but before the first day of April
- 10 days if the employment commences on or after the first day of April but before the first day of July
- 7 days if the employment commences on or after the first day of July but before the first day of October: and
- 4 days if the employment commences on or after the first day of October.
- A worker is required to take his annual leave within twelve months of its entitlement. Annual leave schedule is determined by the mutual agreement between the employer and the employee
- Under Wages Board Ordinance, a higher level of annual leave (up to 21 days) is provided for some trades by the Wage Boards.